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GDPRePrivacy
ScopeThe GDPR contains rules regarding “personal data”.ePrivacy contains rules regarding “electronic communications”.
Definition“Personal data” means any data that can be used to identify someone.“Electronic communications” means any data that is communicated electronically, whether or not it
can
be used to identify someone.
ReachSince “personal data” is not as wide of a definition as “electronic communications”, the GDPR has a
smaller reach than ePrivacy.
“Electronic communications” is a wider definition that “persona data”. ePrivacy is therefore more
far-reaching than the GDPR.
PurposeThe purpose of the GDPR is to provide protection for people's personal data - to make sure that
data
subjects have rights and are informed about the processing of data that can identify them.
The purpose of ePrivacy is to provide privacy in private and family life - to make sure people are
aware of the processing that is done with their communications.
Electronic data / Hard copy dataThe GDPR covers any personal data, whether it is electronic or hard copy.ePrivacy covers only “electronic” communications data, not hard copy data.
Lex SpecialisGDPR is the less specific law compared to ePrivacy when it comes to electronic communications.
Because
of this, ePrivacy takes precedence over the GDPR in electronic communications cases.
The ePrivacy Regulation is lex specialis - the more specific law compared to the GDPR - when it
comes
to electronic communications. Because of this, ePrivacy takes precedence over the GDPR in
electronic
communications cases.
Who is given responsibilitiesAnyone who is the controller or processor of personal data. Data controllers are those who decide
why
and how personal data should be processed. Data processors are the ones doing the actual data
processing for the controller. As an example, if a restaurant has a payroll company pay the
restaurant
employees, then the restaurant is the data controller and the payroll company is the processor of
the
employees’ personal data.
Anyone processing content of electronic communications; website owners, owners of communication
apps,
anyone engaging in direct marketing, telecommunications companies, messaging service providers
(Whatsapp, Facebook, Skype), internet access providers, (ex. A café providing open WiFi access).
Who is given rights and protectionsGDPR provides protection only to natural persons - that means people.ePrivacy provides protections for both natural and legal persons - that means people as well as
organizations, companies and businesses.
Coming into effectGDPR came into effect on 25th May 2018ePrivacy is still in the approval stage with EU legislators. It is supposed to come out in 2019 but
might be delayed even further.